Theodosius ascended to the throne while he was a baby in 402. Theodosius II (Greek: Θεοδόσιος Βʹ, Theodósios II; 10 April 401 – 28 July 450), commonly called Theodosius the Younger or the Calligrapher, was Roman emperor for most of his life, proclaimed augustus as an infant in 402 and ruling as the eastern Empire's sole emperor after the death of his father Arcadius in 408. Already in January 402 he was proclaimed co-augustus by his father, thus becoming the youngest person ever to bear this title in Roman history. Theodosius II was born on April 10, 401. Theodosius II (Latin language: Flavius Theodosius Junior Augustus;1 10 April 401 – 28 July 450),2 commonly surnamed Theodosius the Younger,3 or Theodosius the Calligrapher, was Byzantine Emperor from 408 to 450. Section I: The Christian destruction of Europe’s artistic heritage . Emperor Theodosius II, son of Arcadius and Eudoxia, publicly asked forgiveness for the sins of his parents. Today, the 27th of February, in AD 380, Theodosius proclaimed Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire. He is known for the law code Codex Theodosianus produced during his reign and for the erection of the defensive walls for Constantinople known as the Theodosian Wall.. Life. He was a gentle, scholarly, easily dominated man who allowed his government to be run by a succession of relatives and ministers. Theodosius was born in 401 as the only son of Emperor Arcadius and his Frankish-born wife Aelia Eudoxia. Theodosius II, (born April 10, 401, Constantinople [now Istanbul, Tur. Less than a century earlier, emperors were trying to wipe out the church. Media related to Theodosius II at Wikimedia Commons. Christianity: bringer of darkness . The war with Persia proved indecisive, and a peace was arranged in 422 without changes to the status quo. Corrections? External links. He is known for the law code Codex Theodosianus produced during his reign and for the erection of the defensive walls for Constantinople known as the Theodosian Wall.. Life. Apart from ceasing any state sponsorship of paganism and putting some restrictions on public sacrifice, he did not limit the practice of pagan rites in any way. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The front of the coin depicts Theodosius II (r. 402-450 CE) [all dates CE unless otherwise specified], emperor of the Eastern Roman (or Byzantine) Empire, while the rear features a wedding scene. In 423, the Western Emperor Honorius, Theodosius' uncle, died and the primicerius notariorum Joannes was proclaimed emperor. He also presided over the outbreak of two great Christological controversies, Nestorianism and Eutychianism. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. In Wace, Henry; Piercy, William C. Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century (third ed.). II, ‘Theodosius II, Executor of All the Precepts of Christianity’ in Karlheinz Deschner’s encyclopaedic history of the Church in 10-volumes, Kriminalgeschichte des Christentums, read the abridged translation of Volume I. The emperor did, however, have a hand in founding the University of Constantinople in 425 and in supervising compilation of the Theodosian Code (published 438), which codified the laws issued after 312. To strengthen the ties between the two parts of the empire, Theodosius' daughter Licinia Eudoxia was betrothed to Valentinian. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Winning bid: US $22.50 [ … Early in his reign, during a serious illness, Theodosius had accepted Christian baptism. S. Crogiez-Pétrequin, P. Jaillette, J.-M. Poinsotte (eds. Constantine made Christianity legal and ended any remaining persecution of it, but he did not go any further than that. is the date that the legal Code of Emperor Theodosius II was published. Wars with the Huns, Vandals, and Persians, Learn how and when to remove this template message, http://www.roman-empire.net/constant/theodosius-II.html, "Imperial Porphyry Sarcophagi in Constantinople", Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century. 405. The Eastern Empire was plagued by raids by the Huns. Theodosius II was the emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire during the first half of the fifth century. The Theodosian Code (in Latin, Codex Theodosianus) was a compilation of Roman Law authorized by Eastern Roman Emperor Theodosius II in the fifth century.The code was intended to streamline and organize the complicated body of imperial laws promulgated since the reign of Emperor Constantine in 312 C.E., but it included laws from much further back, as well. Updates? The holy and right-believing Emperor Theodosius I, also called Theodosius the Great, was the last emperor who ruled over both the eastern and western portions of the Roman Empire.He ruled from 379 to 395. 687 kg) of gold. Flavius Theodosius was born in April 401, the eldest son of Aelia Eudoxia and the Eastern Roman Emperor Arcadius. Editors’ note: To contextualise these excerpts of a 2-page section of Vol. Nathan, Geoffrey, "Theodosius II (408–450 A.D.)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Theodosius_II&oldid=997181788, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from June 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the DCBL with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dominus Noster Flavius Theodosius Augustus. II, ‘Theodosius II, Executor of All the Precepts of Christianity’ in Karlheinz Deschner’s encyclopaedic history of the Church in 10-volumes, Kriminalgeschichte des Christentums, read the abridged translation of Volume I. This day in Jewish history / The Navy's 'Kindly Old Gentleman' is born This day in Jewish history / Translator of Yiddish Medieval romance dies "Heretical" churches such as Coptic, Ethiopian, Eritrean, Syica, Armenian Apostolic, and Malankara appeared and many would survive into modern times. For another saint called Theodosius the Great living in the fifth-sixth centuries, see Theodosius the Great (Cenobiarch).. Throughout his reign, control of the government remained out of Theodosius’ hands. He stamped out the last vestiges of paganism, put an end to the Arian heresy in the empire, pacified the Goths, left a famous example of penitence for a crime, and reigned as a just and mighty Catholic emperor. 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